"The establishment of a new population by a few original founders (in an extreme case, by a single fertilized female) which carry only a small fraction of the total genetic variation of the parental population" [Ernst Mayr, 1963]. The result is that a given allele, gene, chromosome, or part of a chromosome found in members of the population can be traced back to one ancestral individual.
Selected founder effect links:
© 1997-2006 Healthboard.com.
Healthboard.com is a purely
informational website, and should not be used as a substitute
for professional legal, medical or technical advice.